Archive for the Ibn Rajab Category

The Virtues of Fasting in the Summer

Posted in Ibn Rajab, Ramadan on August 18, 2009 by Tarek Mehanna

Ibn Rajab has a section in ‘Lata’if al-Ma’arif’ (p. 272-273) about the virtues of fasting during hot days. Since Ramadan will start in the summer this year, this will be a good encouragement:

“…And from the acts of worship whose reward is multiplied during the heat is fasting, and this is because of the thirst that one experiences in the mid-day heat.

This is why Mu’adh bin Jabal expressed regret on his deathbed that he would no longer experience this mid-day thirst, as did other early Muslims.

And it was related that Abu Bakr would fast in the summer and not fast in the winter, and ‘Umar advised his son ‘Abdullah on his deathbed: “Try to obtain the characteristics of faith,” and the first one he mentioned was fasting in the intense summer heat.

And al-Qasim bin Muhammad said that ‘A’ishah would fast in the intense heat, and he was asked: “What drove her to do this?” He replied: “She would take advantage of the days before death.” And some of the righteous women would choose the hottest days and fast them, saying: “If the price is low, everyone will buy,” meaning that she wanted to do those actions that only a few were capable of due to how hard it was to do them, and this is indicative of the high aspirations these women had.

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Fifteen Examples of Supplications Immediately Answered by Allah

Posted in Ibn Rajab on June 13, 2008 by Tarek Mehanna

The Messenger of Allah related that Allah Said:

“…if he calls upon Me, I answer him, and if he asks of Me, I will give him…”

Ibn Rajab commented:

“…This means that this person who is beloved and close to Allah has a special status with Allah such that if he asks Allah for something, He gives it to him, and if he seeks refuge with Allah from anything, He protects him from that thing, and if he calls upon Him, He answers him. So, he ends up becoming from those whose supplications are answered due to his honor with Allah.

And many from the righteous early generations were known to have their supplications answered.

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When do we/not differentiate between the terms ‘Islam’ and ‘Iman’?

Posted in Ibn Rajab on February 8, 2008 by Tarek Mehanna

Have you ever wondered what the difference is between the terms ‘Islam’ and ‘Iman‘ when mentioned in the Qur’an and Sunnah?

We know that in the hadith of Jibril, the Prophet described Islam as consisting of the five pillars of outer actions that we all know, and he described Iman as consisting of the six pillars of inner beliefs that we all know.

So, according to this, there is a clear distinction between the term ‘Islam’ and ‘Iman.’

Therefore, when we come across in the Shar’i texts the term ‘Muslims’ (al-Muslimin), and in another place, we read the term ‘believers’ (al-Mu’minin), what is the difference between the two terms? Are they always distinct, different, and separate, as in the hadith of Jibril? Or are they interchangeable terms that both mean the same thing? If so, what of the clear distinction made by the Prophet in the hadith of Jibril in which he specifically describes Islam with certain characteristics, and Iman with others?

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What It Really Means to Have Knowledge!

Posted in Ibn Rajab on February 8, 2008 by Tarek Mehanna

I came across a beautiful section of Ibn Rajab al-Hambali’s ‘Jami’ al-‘Ulum wal-Hikam,’ in the middle of his explanation of the hadith: “What I have forbidden you from, avoid, and what I have commanded you with, do as much as you are able, as those who were before you were destroyed as a result of their frequent asking and differing with their Prophets.”

In this chapter, he touched upon the blameworthiness of digging too deeply into the religious matters, asking questions for the sake of asking, asking about issues that have not even occurred yet, excessive argumentation, etc.

However, what really caught my eye and heart was the simple and refreshing way in which he laid out what it really means to have knowledge, as well as the true Salafi method (i.e., the method of the Salaf) in learning Islam.

He cuts to the chase, saying:

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