Archive for the Ibn Hazm Category

Flirtatious Behavior of Men and Women

Posted in Ibn Hazm on February 9, 2008 by Tarek Mehanna

“And I will describe something to you that you see with your own eyes: and that is that I have never seen a woman in any place who senses that a man is looking at or listening to her, except that she begins to gesture in a way that she not normally gesture, and begins to make remarks the likes of which she was not making before, and you would see her pay more attention to how she articulates her words and how she varies her postures – in an obvious and non-subtle manner. Men do the same thing if they sense the presence of women. As for the showing off of physical features, straightening of the walk, and emergence of flirtatious behavior that occurs when men and women come to be in each other’s presence or cross each other’s paths, then this is clearer than the Sun in every place.

Allah – the Mighty and Exalted – Said: {“Tell the believers to lower their eyes and protect their private parts…”} [an-Nur; 30], and He Said: {“And let the women not tap with their feet, making their hidden ornaments known…”} [an-Nur; 31]

Were it not for Allah’s knowledge of the soft manner in which women droop their eyelids when attempting to win the affection of men’s hearts, and the vile plans that they secretly concoct in order to rouse a man’s desires, He would never have revealed a verse regarding something so remote.”

[‘Tawq al-Hamamah’; p. 97]

An Example of a Valid Ijtihad vs. An Invalid Ijtihad

Posted in Ibn Hazm on February 9, 2008 by Tarek Mehanna

“And ‘Ammar (bin Yasir) was killed by Abu al-Ghadiyah Yasar bin Sab’ as-Sulami. Abu al-Ghadiyah attended Bay’at ar-Ridwan, so, Allah witnessed what was in his heart, descended tranquility upon him, and was Pleased with him. So, Abu al-Ghadiyah made a false interpretation (ta’wil), and made a mistaken and incorrect ijtihad, for which he will get one reward.

This is not the case with the killers of ‘Uthman, as there was no room for ijtihad in killing him, as he had not killed anyone, nor made war or fought against anyone, nor even defended himself against anyone, nor committed adultery, nor apostated. So, those who fought him had no rational interpretation whatsoever that they could use to justify their actions. Rather, they are rebellious, sinning warmongers who intentionally spilt sacred blood – without any valid justification – simply out of oppression and enmity. So, they are accursed sinners.”

[‘al-Fisal fil-Milal wan-Nihal’; 4/161]

Why Did Ibn Hazm Begin Studying Islam?

Posted in Ibn Hazm, The Lives of the Salaf on February 7, 2008 by Tarek Mehanna

In ‘Siyar A’lam an-Nubala” (13/547), adh-Dhahabi narrated that Abu Muhammad ‘Abdullah bin Muhammad – the father of the famous Spanish scholar Ibn al-‘Arabi – said:

“Ibn Hazm related to me the reason he began studying Fiqh.

He was once at a funeral prayer. So, he entered the mosque, and sat down without praying. A man then said to him: “Get up and pray Tahiyyat al-Masjid,” and he was 26 at the time.

Ibn Hazm himself said: “So, I got up and prayed. When we returned from the janazah, I entered the mosque, and prayed before sitting down. It was then said to me: “Sit down, sit down. This is not a time to pray,” as it was after the time of ‘Asr. So, I walked away while I was very sad. I went to my teacher that had nurtured me, and said: “Direct me to the house of the scholar Abu ‘Abdillah bin Dahhun.” So, I went to him, told him of what had happened, and he directed me to ‘al-Muwatta” of Malik. So, I began studying it at his hands, and continued studying it with him and others for a period of three years. After this, I began debating with the people.””

After mentioning this story, adh-Dhahabi then goes on to list almost 80 books that Ibn Hazm had written during his lifetime, the largest being ‘al-Isal ila Fahm Kitab al-Khisal,’ which is a longer version of the more well-known ‘al-Muhalla,’ and is over 15,000 pages long!

Considering that Ibn Hazm began studying Islam at 26, and died at the age of 71, this meant that he wrote an average of two books per year – and this is just in terms of the books whose titles we know of, as he had written over 300 other books that were burned up by the ruler of the time, al-Mu’tadid.

It is quite interesting that such a tremendously influencial scholar, with so many awesome and brilliant works, was driven to study the Din because of this single incident.