Archive for September, 2008

Reflecting Over Punished Nations

Posted in an-Nawawi, Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani on September 11, 2008 by Tarek Mehanna

‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar narrated that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) and his Companions passed by al-Hijr, which was the location of the dwellings of the people of Thamud. So, the Prophet turned to them and said: “Do not approach the dwellings of these people who have been punished except that you are weeping. If you will not weep while doing so, do not approach them lest you be struck with the same punishment they were struck with.”

This was reported by al-Bukhari (433) and Muslim (2970).

In ‘Fath al-Bari’ (1/632), Ibn Hajar commented with the following:

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The Woman in the Locked House

Posted in Our Prisoners in Our Hearts on September 10, 2008 by Tarek Mehanna

In ‘Mashari’ al-Ashwaq’ (2/239), Ibn an-Nahhas related from Abu Bakr bin al-‘Arabi:

“Some of the rulers had made a pact with the disbelievers that they would not hold any prisoners. So, a Muslim man one day travelled near their lands and passed by a locked house. He could hear a woman calling from inside the house: “I am a prisoner! Tell your companions about me!”

When he went back and told the people about this woman, the ruler did not even let him finish the story. He immediately got up and walked on foot to the frontlines until he freed this woman and conquered the area where she had been held captive.”

How Islam Came To Afghanistan

Posted in 'Abdullah 'Azzam on September 8, 2008 by Tarek Mehanna

…So, this area that we are in, Afghanistan, was subject to Persian Magian rule…Badakhshan, the northern provinces, Juzjan, etc. all the way to Takhar and Herat. Khurasan was part of the Persian empire, and Bukhara and Samarqand were all part of the Persian empire. How did ‘Uthman conquer it?

Do you not see me guided after I was misguided * And I became a soldier in the army of Ibn ‘Affan?

So, all of these areas were conquered in the era of ‘Uthman, and ‘Abd ar-Rahman bin Samurah conquered Kabul during the era of either ‘Umar or ‘Uthman. In the ‘Sunan’ of Abu Dawud, it says: “‘Abd ar-Rahman bin Samurah narrated to us in Kabul.” So, ‘Abd ar-Rahman bin Samurah conquered Kabul during the era of ‘Umar or ‘Uthman, may Allah be Pleased with them both.

None of the populations that were conquered by the Muslims ever rebelled or resisted them except the people of Afghanistan. The people of Afghanistan are very stubborn, and it is not an easy task to make them submit. So, the Muslims conquered it during the era of ‘Umar, and this was followed by a rebellion from some of the tribes and the expulsion of the Muslims, and the Muslims had to return later on and conquer Afghanistan a second time.

If the Afghans become convinced of an idea or belief, they are known to cling to it very tightly and spread it. This is why they carried the religion of Buddhism and the people of Afghanistan adopted it. There was no way to change them – Buddhism, that was it, and this is why there is a huge statue of Buddha still standing in Bamyan today.* They are the ones who spread Buddhism in the region – to Pakistan and India. The Afghans are the ones who spread it…some tribes became convinced of this belief and began spreading Buddhism.

Islam then came, they became convinced of Islam, and they spread it throughout the region. So, most of these areas adopted Islam through them, and Mahmud al-Ghaznawi invaded India seven times. He entered it and demolished their statue, Shamnama, and after this, the Afghan people adopted the Hanafi madhhab…”

[‘Fi Dhilal Surat at-Tawbah’; p. 141-142]

[*] Obviously, that changed in March of 2001.

Ramadan: The Month of Wala’ and Bara’

Posted in Original & Misc., Ramadan on September 1, 2008 by Tarek Mehanna

Ramadan is a month of many things for the Muslims: it is a month of mercy, forgiveness, blessing, worship, exertion, devotion, and discipline. In addition, it has historically been a month that revived the concept of wala’ and bara’ in the conscience of the believers in one way or another.

Firstly and most famously, the 17th of Ramadan 2 AH was the day of the first decisive battle between Islam and kufr: the Battle of Badr.

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