“And We Said: “O Adam! Dwell wth your wife in Paradise…” [al-Baqarah; 35]

“Now, we are introduced to the eternal battle; the battle between the embodiment of evil in Iblis, and the successor of Allah on Earth; the eternal battle that takes place in the conscience of the human being; the battle in which good is made victorious in accordance with how tightly the human holds to his initial purpose of existence and his covenant with his Lord, and evil is made victorious in accordance with how submissive the human being becomes to his desires and is distanced from his Lord.

All of the fruits of Paradise were made available and permissible for them…except for a tree…one tree. This tree can be used to symbolize those forbidden things that need to be present in the worldly life, as without the presence of that which is forbidden, one’s will cannot be planted and strengthened, and the human leader cannot be distinguished from the blindly-led animal, and the patience of the human upon his loyalty to his covenant and his sticking to the rules cannot be tested. So, the conscience is the dividing fork in the road, and those who enjoy themselves without any such will or conscience, they are of the animal world, even if they appear in the forms of humans!

{“Then Satan made them slip therefrom, and got them out from what they were in.”}

Here, the experiment has ended: Adam forgot about his covenant and became weak in front of this deception. Here, the Word of Allah became fulfilled, and it’s establishment became clear to all:

{“We Said: “Get you down all of you – with enmity between yourselves. The Earth will be a dwelling place for you and an enjoyment for a time.””}

And thus was announced the initiation of the battle in the environment that was originally intended for it – the the battle between Satan and the human being until the end of time.

And then Adam realized his mistake, because of what was implanted in him of his Fitrah, and he was provided with the Mercy of his Lord that he is provided with whenever he seeks it and turns to it: {“Then Adam received Words from his Lord, and his Lord pardoned him. Verily, He is the Oft-forgiving, the Most Merciful.”}

And the final Word of Allah, and His eternal covenant with Adam and his progeny was completed – the covenant of succession and guardianship of this Earth, and the conditions leading to success or destruction: {“We Said: “Get down all of you from this place. Then, whenever Guidance comes to you from Me, and whoever follows My Guidance, there will be no fear on them, nor shall they grieve. But those who disbelieve and belie Our verses, such are the dwellers of the Fire, and they shall abide therein forever.””}

And with this, the eternal battle moved to its natural environment; unleashed from its shackles, not pausing or resting for even a single moment. And the human being came to realize – with the dawn of humanity – how he is to become victorious if he seeks victory, and how he becomes broken and shattered if he seeks loss for himself…

...and the events of this battle between the human and Satan that the story presents serve as an everlasting reminder of the nature of the battle: it is between the convenant of Allah and the deception of Satan; between belief and disbelief; between truth and falsehood; between guidance and deviation, with the human himself being the battlefield. He himself is the winner or loser in this battle. This is an everlasting wake-up call, and an everlasting announcement for him that he is a soldier on a battlefield, and that he is the sole owner of any potential war booty on this battlefield!”

[‘Fi Dhilal al-Qur’an’; 1/58-61]

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